name is Gholson Lyon,
and I'm on faculty at Cold
Spring Harbor Laboratory
as well as working at the Utah
Foundation for Biomedical Research.
And the topic of my lecture today
is on human genetic variation
and genotype-phenotype problem.
This is an illustration of
the earth, and on the right
side is an illustration
of a bacterial petri dish.
The earth is 4.5 billion years old.
And in the eons of time, there
are dinosaurs that basically
went extinct 65 million years ago.
And you can look at
dinosaur fossils at the Utah
Dinosaur National Monument as
illustrated in this illustration.
And if you want to be convinced
that dinosaurs existed,
you can look yourself at them in the
rocks before they were excavated.
And the only reason I'm
telling you this in the context
of human genetics is basically just
to illustrate to you that there is
an enormous amount of
time that has passed
and that evolution is operating
on the order of millions of years.
Also, if you want further proof
of dinosaurs having gone extinct,
there's the Yucatan Peninsula.
There's evidence there
of a crater where
a meteor hits and basically caused
the extinction of the dinosaurs.
So since the extinction
of the dinosaurs,
there was basically
many millions of years.