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Soreness and ulcers 2: blood diseases and infections
Published on May 7, 2017 25 min
Other Talks in the Series: Oral & Maxillofacial Medicine
Lumps and bumps in the mouth and lips
- Dr. Nicholas Kalavrezos
- University College London Hospital, UK
Lumps and swellings of the salivary glands 1
- Prof. Emeritus John D. Langdon
- King’s College London, UK
Red lesions: autoimmune and malignant conditions
- Prof. James J. Sciubba
- The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, USA
Sensory and motor deficits
- Dr. Dimitris Malamos
- National Organization of Health Service (IKA), Greece
White lesions - oral leukoplakia, a premalignant lesion
- Prof. Palle Holmstrup
- University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Hi, my name is Yazan Hassona and I am from the University of Jordan. In this seminar, we will discuss oral ulcers and soreness due to blood diseases and infections.
It is well known that a wide range of systemic diseases may cause oral lesions. Such lesions might get ulcerated because of local oral environmental factors such as trauma, moisture, and secondary infection. The clinical appearance of such lesions, therefore, may vary but sometimes resembles aphthous ulcers and in such cases they are termed aphthous-like, ulcers.
A useful mnemonic to remember the main systemic causes of oral ulcers and soreness is BIGS where the letter "B" stands for blood or hematological diseases such as various anemias and hematological malignancies. "I" stands for infective causes, which are mainly viral infections but also bacterial, fungal, and protozoal infections may cause oral ulcers. "G" for gastrointestinal diseases, such as Crohn's and celiac disease, "S" for skin or mucocutaneous diseases that include particularly lichen planus and occasionally other skin diseases, such as pemphigoid, pemphigus, and erythema multiforme. There are also other systemic causes of oral ulcers and soreness such as traumatic diseases and some endocrine disturbances. This seminar, we'll discuss only hematological and infective causes of oral ulcers and soreness. Other causes are discussed in other seminars of this series.