My name's Graeme Hughes and I'm at
the London Lupus centre at London Bridge Hospital shown on this slide,
not the shard which is behind us but on the river.
I'm also the editor of the Lupus Journal and some of the data in
this short talk is going to come from that journal.
So my talk now is on the Hughes syndrome or Antiphospholipid syndrome as we call it.
The title I've given it is "Past,
present and future" and I'll be very brief in reviewing the history.
It's actually 34 years ago that we've first
published the details of this in a number of journals,
but basically the first publication was in the British Medical Journal in
1983 and we were also working on essays for Anticardiolipin and other antibodies.
And in the same year,
towards the end of the year we published in The Lancet a paper on
the assessment of Anticardiolipin antibodies which still is in use today,
the detection by various methods.
So this is the discovery of a syndrome which is characterized by a few things.
One was particularly important and that is these patients had
a tendency to clotting both in the veins and the arteries and also,
this was a clear example where a group of antibodies were contributing to the problem.