Gene therapy for the muscular dystrophies

Published on September 3, 2014   66 min

Other Talks in the Series: Gene Transfer and Gene Therapy

Other Talks in the Series: Molecular Genetics of Human Disease

My name is Jeff Chamberlain and I'm at the University of Washington. I'm going to discuss gene therapy for the muscular dystrophies. Most of my lecture will focus on Duchenne muscular dystrophy, which is the most common form.
The muscular dystrophies are a group of single-gene inherited disorders. There are many different types of muscular dystrophy, several of which have still not been identified. Most of the different types of muscular dystrophy cannot be distinguished at a clinical level and that requires genetic testing to tell which type an individual has. The muscular dystrophies share the common feature of having progressive muscle weakness. It generally affects the skeletal or the limb muscles, but it can also affect cardiac and smooth muscles. Sometimes the central nervous system is involved, particularly in the early onset or the congenital muscular dystrophies. Different types of muscular dystrophy can arise either soon after birth, in childhood, or in older individuals. And even though the muscles are the same in every person, the different types of muscular dystrophy can have different effects on different muscles.