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Hi. I'm Abdulbaghi Ahmad,
Child Psychiatrist and Associate Professor at
the Uppsala University in Sweden and I am the IACAPAP Ambassador,
founding Director of Metin Health House for Child Mental Health in Duhok,
Kurdistan, region of Iraq.
I'm going to give you an account about a novel treatment method
for autism that's called Autism Specific Pedagogic Intervention,
ASP, that we have been
developing at the Metin Health House in the Kurdistan region of Iraq.
We start with the definition of Autism Spectrum Disorder according
to the DSM-V criteria since 2013.
It is a condition which is composed of the following criteria:
persistent deficits in social communication.
So, the next criteria,
restricted repetitive patterns of behavior.
And then early developmental disorder,
that is to say,
it started to the onset before the age of three years.
Significant functional limitations must be
present in order to be considered as a diagnosis.
And the last one is,
this condition has not to be better explained by
mental retardation or any other global delay.
According to the International Classification of Diseases, ICD-10 version,
which has been provided by WHO since 2010,
the criteria are mostly the same as DSM but maybe there are some little differences.
It consists of the following, pervasive developmental disorder,
that is manifesting before the age of three years and
having abnormal functioning in all the three followings:
reciprocal social interaction, communication,
and repetitive patterns of behavior.