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Legal aspects of using animals for research in the U.S.
Published on February 11, 2015 35 min
Other Talks in the Series: Animal Models in Biomedical Research
The moral status of invasive animal research
- Prof. Bernard E. Rollin
- Colorado State University, USA
Improving and humanizing animal models by microbiomic techniques
- Prof. Axel Kornerup Hansen
- University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Behavioral phenotyping of mouse models of neuropsychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders
- Prof. Jacqueline N. Crawley
- University of California, USA
Good day everyone. My name is Taylor Bennett. And my presentation today is entitled The Legal Aspects of Using Animals for Research in the U.S. My presentation will attempt to put into perspective and explain the system of oversight of the use of animals in research, teaching, and testing in the US.
The eighth edition of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals succinctly describes the oversight process in the US. It states at the use of laboratory animals is governed by an interrelated dynamic system regulations, policies, guidelines, and procedures. The regulations are those developed by the United States Department of Agriculture. The principal policy is the Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, that's the PHS policy, and the guidelines are those established by the Association for the Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International, AAALAC. Each institution then must establish procedures to manage their animal care and use program. The key players at the institutional level are the Institutional Official, or IO, the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee, or IACUC, the Attending Veterinarian, or AV.
The United States Department of Agriculture is the executive agency responsible for promulgating regulations to implement the Animal Welfare Act. The Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare, OLAW, within the Office of the Director of the NIH is responsible for implementation of the PHS policy, and requires that institutions receiving funds from the PHS adhere to the recommendations contained in the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. The Association for the Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International manages a voluntary, peer-reviewed accreditation process which uses the Guide as a primary resource for establishing requirements for accreditation.