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Parasitic lung infections: protozoa, cestodes & trematodes
Published on July 11, 2013 23 min
Other Talks in the Series: Respiratory Infection
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- Prof. John Oxford
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Legionella: epidemiology and human infection, environment and diagnosis
- Dr. Diane Lindsay
- Glasgow Microbiology Reference Laboratory, UK
Pathogen discovery in the respiratory tract
- Dr. H. Rogier van Doorn
- Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Welcome to the lecture on parasitic lung infections. I'm Dr. V. K. Vijayan working as advisor at Bhopal Memorial Hospital & Research Centre in Bhopal, India. I was the Former Director of Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi. I have divided this lecture into two parts. The first part deals with lung infections caused by protozoa, cestodes and trematodes. The second lecture will be on infections caused by nematode parasites.
The important protozoa parasites that cause pulmonary diseases are given in this table. Entameba histolytica causes pulmonary amebiasis, Leishmania donovani causes pulmonary leishmaniasis, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium falciparum, and Plasmodium ovale are important parasites that cause pulmonary malaria, Babesia microti and Babesia divergens cause pulmonary babesiosis, and Toxoplasma gondii causes pulmonary toxoplasmosis.
Pulmonary hydatid disease is caused by Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis. Pulmonary schistosomiasis is caused by Schistosoma haematobium, Schistosoma mansoni, and schistosoma japonicum, and Pulmonary paragonimiasis is caused Paragonimus westermanii.
Pulmonary amebiasis is one of the most common parasitic infections worldwide. Amebic infection result from ingestion of Entameba histolytica cysts in fecally contaminted food, water or from hands. Pleuropulmonary amebiasis occurs by extension from hepatic amebiasis. Invasive amebiasis have been reported in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).