Core muscle activity during physical fitness exercises
Published on August 30, 2022 28 min
A selection of talks on Physiology & Anatomy
Hi. My name is José María Oliva Lozano. I work as a Researcher and Lecturer at Universidad de Almería, a Spanish University located in the South of Spain. Today, we're going to talk about core muscle activity during physical fitness exercises.
This talk is based on a previous article that we published in a highly, internationally recognized journal, which is the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. All the content from this talk is based on this article with me as the first author and Jose Muyor as the second author of the study published in this journal.
First of all, we need to understand, what is the 'core'? Because the core is not only the abs. Many people think that when we do core training, we are only exercising our rectus abdominis, just the front side of the core. But the core consists of several muscle groups. We have the rectus abdominis on the front side. We have internal and external obliques on the lateral sides. Erector spinae, lumbar multifidus, and quadratus lumborum on the back side. We also have the diaphragm on the upper side. Finally, you have the pelvic floor and the iliac psoas at the bottom. The core is like a box where most kinetic chains transfer forces to the extremities. It's also known as a powerhouse because we transfer forces to the extremities.