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Hello, my name is Melissa Majoni. I'm a graduate student at Western University, in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics. I'll be conducting this lecture on "Exercise for Stroke Prevention" on behalf of Dr. Prior's and Dr. Suskin's work.
I'm going to go over a brief introduction and then go over what is known about how exercise can reduce the risk of stroke. Following that, I'm going to go over some evidence that outlines the benefits that exercise can have for stroke patients. Then I'll go over some of the exercise behaviors known among stroke survivors, success factors, barriers to success, behavior change techniques, changing physical activity and exercise behavior, guidelines, recommendations, contraindications to exercise testing and conclusions.
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Some of the known stroke risk factors include but are not limited to hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and physical inactivity. If we intervene on the modifiable risk factors, an individual stroke risk can in turn be reduced. Specifically for this lecture, we'll be focusing on how physical inactivity, a common risk factor can be modified to reduce the risk of stroke.
How can exercise reduce the risk of stroke? Exercise has been shown to have a number of benefits on the previously mentioned risk factors. Specifically, physical activity is known to improve cardiorespiratory fitness, glycemic control, inflammation, lipid profile, specifically, it's known to increase high density lipoprotein, the good cholesterol. Exercise is also known to enhance fibrinolysis and improves weight loss. It has been found that moderately or highly active individuals have a lower risk of stroke and mortality than individuals with low physical activity.