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Surveying traditionally constructed brickwork
The use of fired clay bricks for construction has a long tradition in the UK. Brickwork constructed prior to the 20th century is commonly referred to as ‘traditionally constructed’, although this definition encompasses a wide range of both technical and decorative techniques.1 This paper discusses the surveying of such traditionally constructed brickwork. The focus is on what may be considered an initial survey, which notes details such as the uses of brick, the bricks used, the presence of and cause of decay, and technical and decorative features. In cases where decay is significant, further, more detailed survey and analysis of issues such as mortar, type of salt efflorescence, bricks required, etc. would be necessary. This paper, however, will give those who have a need to survey traditionally constructed buildings a good general guide to considerations relevant to surveying brickwork.
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Moses Jenkins PhD has worked for Historic Environment Scotland for 13 years, where he is Senior Technical Officer. He has written various guidance notes over this time, most notably on the subjects of brick and energy efficiency. Moses is currently engaged in several research projects into insulation for traditional buildings and the properties of traditional materials. In 2009 Moses edited Building Scotland and in 2018 authored The Scottish Brick Industry.