The human large intestine is an intensively colonised area containing bacteria that are health promoting, as well as pathogenic
This has led to functional food developments that fortify the former at the expense of the latter
Probiotics have a long history of use in humans as live microbial feed additions
In contrast, a prebiotic is a non digestible food ingredient that beneficially affects the host by targeting indigenous components thought to be positive
Dietary carbohydrates, such as fibres are candidate prebiotics but most promise has been realised with oligosaccharides
As prebiotics exploit non-viable food ingredients, their applicability in diets is wide ranging
As gastrointestinal disorders are prevalent in terms of human health, both probiotics and prebiotics serve an important role in the prophylactic management of various acute and chronic gut derived conditions
Examples include protection from gastroenteritis and some inflammatory conditions
Gibson, G. (2011, September 27). Probiotics and prebiotics [Video file]. In The Biomedical & Life Sciences Collection, Henry Stewart Talks. Retrieved September 28, 2022, from https://hstalks.com/bs/2104/.
Published on September 27, 2011
Archived on April 21, 2016
Prof. Glenn Gibson has not informed HSTalks of any commercial/financial relationship that it is appropriate to disclose.